The situation for Christians in Nigeria is dire. Recent stories have reported the rise of violence against Christians (and all non-Muslims) there. As the stories go, the violence is the result of a determined effort to “Islamize” Nigeria (already close to being a “Muslim” nation). This produces a dilemma when it comes to classifying whether the acts of violence against Christians are persecution or not. If Christians and animists are killed together, each because he is non-muslim, then do we classify the Christians as martyrs? Does it matter that those who killed them did so because of political reasons instead of religious reasons? How do we classify persecution and martyrdom rightly?